C++ compat symbol not emitted anymore in GCC 8

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C++ compat symbol not emitted anymore in GCC 8

Matthias Klose-6
This is seen in a distro upgrade, with a shared library built using GCC 6, which
now fails to dynamically link, when the library is rebuilt using GCC 8.

Details in https://bugs.debian.org/911090

Jonathan pointed me to PR71712, fixing the C++ mangling.

$ cat > foo.C
#include <string>
struct foo {
        operator std::string();
};

foo::operator std::string() { return "Hi"; }

$ g++-8 -shared -fPIC -o libfoo.so foo.C && nm -D libfoo.so | grep foo
0000000000001136 T _ZN3foocvNSt7__cxx1112basic_stringIcSt11char_traitsIcESaIcEEEEv

g++-7 -shared -fPIC -o libfoo.so foo.C && nm -D libfoo.so | grep foo
000000000000115a T
_ZN3foocvNSt7__cxx1112basic_stringIcSt11char_traitsIcESaIcEEEB5cxx11Ev
000000000000115a T _ZN3foocvNSt7__cxx1112basic_stringIcSt11char_traitsIcESaIcEEEEv

$ g++-8 -fabi-version=10 -shared -fPIC -o libfoo.so foo.C && nm -D libfoo.so |
grep foo
0000000000001136 T
_ZN3foocvNSt7__cxx1112basic_stringIcSt11char_traitsIcESaIcEEEB5cxx11Ev
0000000000001136 T _ZN3foocvNSt7__cxx1112basic_stringIcSt11char_traitsIcESaIcEEEEv


GCC 7 emits the old/compat symbol, and GCC 8 emits it when explicitly built with
-fabi-version=10.  This ABI change results in silent breakage, maybe in more
libraries than that one.  Is there a reason that this compat symbol isn't
emitted anymore in GCC 8?

Matthias